PCRAFI Country Note Tonga

Tonga is an archipelago composed of 172 islands spread across a combined land and sea area of 720,000km 2 . According to the 2011 census, Tonga had a population of 103,252 people spread across 36 of the 172 islands. A population scattered so widely across such a large area can pose logistical problems for efforts to facilitate and finance disaster response.

In January 2014, Tropical Cyclone Ian caused widespread damage and destruction on the islands of Ha’apai and Vava’u.

Approximately 1,094 buildings in Ha’apai were either destroyed or damaged, and some 2,335 people sought shelter in evacuation centers. There were reports of significant damage to houses, infrastructure, and agriculture across 18 villages located on the islands of Ha’apai, including Uiha, Uoleva, Lifuka, Foa, Ha’ano, and Mo’unga’one. Total ground-up loss for this event was estimated at T$90 million (US$50.3 million), of which T$20.5 million (US$11.5 million) was attributable to emergency loss (PCRAFI 2014). This report presents for consideration a number of options for improving current measures for disaster risk financing and insurances:

(a) develop an overarching disaster risk financing strategy aligned to existing processes;

(b) develop an operations manual detailing the processes required to facilitate swift postdisaster budget mobilization and execution; and

(c) develop an insurance program for key public assets.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

  • World Bank
  • 2015-02-27T12:26:19Z
  • 77d27a9a-c15d-11e4-84c7-0050569e0007
  • Pacific Risk Information System
Member countries Tonga